Trithemis kirbyi 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Odonata Libellulidae

Scientific Name: Trithemis kirbyi
Species Authority: Selys, 1891
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Orange-winged Dropwing, Rock Dropwing, Kirby's Dropwing
French Trithémis de Kirby
Trithemis kirbyi Selys, 1891 subspecies ardens (Gerstäcker, 1891)
Taxonomic Notes:

The former splitting into a nominotypical form and a subspecies Trithemis kirbyi ardens (Gerstäcker, 1891) is currently challenged because of different opinions on biogeographic interpretation in the distribution of phenotypes.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-03-13
Assessor(s): Boudot, J.-P., Clausnitzer, V., Samraoui, B., Suhling, F., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Schneider, W.
Reviewer(s): García, N., Tognelli, M. & Suhling, F.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Alomari, K.
This ubiquitous and nomadic species is widespread with no known major widespread threats; thus doesn't qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2006 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Trithemis kirbyi is widespread from Africa (except in rainforest areas) to India. The species' range is extending to the north and it recently began to spread in southern Europe (southern Spain, Sardinia). Surprisingly, it doesn't occur in the Levant and large parts of the Middle-East.
Countries occurrence:
Algeria; Angola (Angola, Angola, Cabinda); Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Chad; Comoros; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Egypt; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Italy (Sardegna); Kenya; Liberia; Libya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia (Caprivi Strip, Namibia (main part)); Nigeria; Oman; Pakistan; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Somalia; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape Province, North-West Province, Western Cape); Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sri Lanka; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Tunisia; Uganda; United Arab Emirates; Yemen (North Yemen, South Yemen); Zambia; Zimbabwe
Regionally extinct:
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO): Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO): Unknown
Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO): Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO): Unknown
Continuing decline in number of locations: Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations: Unknown
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species was always common in large parts of its African and Arabian range and increased during the last 50 years in the Maghreb, then recently (2008) crossed the Straight of Gibraltar to settle in Spain and the Mediterranean to reach Sardinia. European populations are still low but will probably increase during the next decades due to global warming.
Current Population Trend: Increasing
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals: Unknown
Extreme fluctuations: Unknown Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Trithemis kirbyi is an opportunistic species which rapidly colonizes all kinds of freshwater habitats. The larvae develop in perennial and temporary desert waters thanks to a short larval period (less than 50 days). It is the most common species in all kinds of desert freshwater. Adults are found at pools, ponds, swimming pools and water tanks as well as along wadis, brooks, streams and rivers. They settle on boulders and rocks or perch on twigs of reeds and rush.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: No
Movement patterns: Nomadic

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is not threatened at the global scale, although pollution and over use of water by humans may cause the species to decline locally.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This opportunistic and ubiquitous species doesn't need conservation actions.

Citation: Boudot, J.-P., Clausnitzer, V., Samraoui, B., Suhling, F., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Schneider, W. 2013. Trithemis kirbyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T60062A13384421. . Downloaded on 30 November 2015.
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