Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Odonata Coenagrionidae

Scientific Name: Proischnura subfurcata
Species Authority: (Selys, 1876)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Fork-tailed Bluet
Enallagma subfurcatum Selys, 1876

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-05-01
Assessor(s): Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B.
Reviewer(s): Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F., Samways, M., Samraoui, B., Boudot, J.P., Kipping, J. (Odonata Red List Authority) & Allen, D. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.

In western Africa, less than 5% of the global distribution is found within the region, therefore the species is assessed as Not Applicable
Previously published Red List assessments:
2006 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species has been recorded from South Africa to Ethiopia, west to Nigeria.

In central Africa, it is present in Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia and Cameroon, expected in appropriate habitats in the other countries as well

In eastern Africa, it has been recorded in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi and Burundi: common and widespread in all five countries (Burundi assumed).

In northeastern Africa, the species is known from Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, occurrence in Sudan assumed

In southern Africa, this species is widespread mainly in Zimbabwe, with a localised distribution in South Africa and Zambia. In South Africa, it was last recorded at Zeekoevlei, Cape Town in 1950 (Brinck 955); there are some doubts regarding the South African records as the elevations and habitats do not match those recorded elsewhere in Africa (Samways 2006 in press).

In western Africa, the species is known from Nigeria
Countries occurrence:
Cameroon; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Nigeria; Somalia; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population size is unknown.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Swamps and reedy streams in montane forest. In South Africa, the species was also recorded from grass-fringed pools and streams in bush or forest (Samways 2006 in press).
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Drainage and destruction of swampy habitats due to agriculture are threats to the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information available but research into population numbers and range, and trends/monitoring of the species would be valuable.

Citation: Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. 2010. Proischnura subfurcata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T60009A12227701. . Downloaded on 08 October 2015.
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