|Scientific Name:||Phyllomacromia picta|
|Species Authority:||(Hagen in Selys, 1871)|
Macromia africana Hagen in Selys, 1871
Phyllomacromia africana (Hagen in Selys, 1871)
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Clausnitzer, V., Boudot, J.-P., Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B.|
|Reviewer(s):||Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F., Samways, M., Samraoui, B., Boudot, J.P., Kipping, J. (Odonata Red List Authority) & Allen, D. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
As no data have been recorded in the northern African region for Phyllomacromia picta since 1928, it is believed to now be Regionally Extinct. However, a spontaneous immigration would possible from the Sudanese populations if these are sufficiently dense and numerous, but that is unknown.
Less than 5% of the global distribution is found within the western Africa region, therefore the species is assessed as Not Applicable
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||The most widespread Phyllomacromia species in eastern and southern Africa (especially outside forest), but present only in Nigeria in western Africa.|
In central Africa, it is known from Angola and Democratic Republic of Congo.
In eastern Africa, it has been recorded in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi and Burundi, where it is common and widespread. It is assumed to occur also in Burundi.
In northern Africa, the species is widespread from southern and tropical Africa to southern Sahel and the whole Nile system.
In northeastern Africa, the species is recorded from Ethiopia and its occurrence in Sudan is assumed.
In southern Africa, this species is widespread in the region, even occurring in the arid southwest (lower Orange River).
In western Africa, the species is known from Nigeria. The report from Chad relies on larvae, which cannot be identified to species as yet.
Native:Angola (Angola); Botswana; Chad; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Egypt; Ethiopia; Kenya; Lesotho; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; South Africa; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Population size is unknown.|
In northern Africa, only two old records (1928) are known, both in Egypt on the Nile (Cairo and Luxor). The nearest current locality outside of the region is more than 1,100 km south in Sudan, near Khartoum (dated 1984).
In southern Africa, the species seems to have stable populations and is common and widespread.
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Streams and rivers in bush and even desert, common and widespread.|
|Major Threat(s):||Water pollution, groundwater abstraction, stream management, over-irrigation, dam construction, and urbanization are threats to the species. Drought is an inferred future threat.|
|Conservation Actions:||Preservation of stream water quality and conservation of the natural structure of stream systems through policy-based actions and increasing awareness are proposed. Research into population numbers and range, biology and ecology, habitat status, threats, conservation measures, and trends/monitoring of this species would also be valuable. Habitat and site-based actions are also required.|
|Citation:||Clausnitzer, V., Boudot, J.-P., Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. 2010. Phyllomacromia picta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T59997A12161060.Downloaded on 26 October 2016.|
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