Pantala flavescens 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Odonata Libellulidae

Scientific Name: Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Wandering Glider, Globe Skimmer, Globe Wanderer
French Libellule Globe Trotter, Pantale Flavescente
Libellula analis Burmeister, 1839
Libellula flavescens Fabricius, 1798
Libellula terminalis Burmeister, 1839
Libellula viridula Palisot de Beauvois, 1807
Orthetrum mathewi Singh & Baijal, 1955
Sympetrum tandicola Singh, 1955
Taxonomic Source(s): Schorr, M. and Paulson, D. 2014. World Odonata List. Tacoma, Washington, USA Available at: (Accessed: 17 February 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2015-11-06
Assessor(s): Boudot, J.-P., Clausnitzer, V., Samraoui, B., Suhling, F., Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Schneider, W. & Paulson, D.R.
Reviewer(s): Kipping, J. & Meziere, N.M.
Contributor(s): Marinov, M.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Alomari, K.
Pantala flavescens is an almost worldwide species with flourishing subpopulations on every continent but Antarctica, although rare in Europe. The population is stable and there are no known major widespread threats that would cause this species to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Pantala flavescens is a circumtropical species known from all continents except Antarctica. It is an obligate migrant, its migrations linked to the monsoon front, and has been recorded from all Afrotropical countries, including Madagascar and the nearby islands, apart from Burundi where it probably also occurs. Farther north, small numbers of migrants have been found in all other African countries, except Libya and Western Sahara which is most likely due to inadequate field work. Out of Africa, this species is commonly found in the Arabian Peninsula and all the Middle East and reaches southern Europe occasionally (records from Bulgaria, Montenegro, Rhodes Island, mainland Greece at the Turkish border, and European Turkey, north Caucasus area). In Asia, this species is known to occur north to central Asia, southern Siberia, Kamchatka and Japan, and south to Australia. In the Americas, it is widespread throughout the Neotropics, including the islands of the Caribbean and Galapagos, and throughout the United States and southern Canada. It is rarely recorded in the Pacific Northwest and has not been found in Labrador, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, Alaska, or the more northerly Canadian territories. The northernmost records are probably vagrants. It occurs in eight provinces in Canada, 46 states in the United States of America, and 30 states in Mexico. In addition, it has been found on most Pacific islands, including the Hawaiian Islands, and probably breeds, if only as a migrant, in the great majority of localities where it has been recorded. It is the only Odonata species that occurs on the Easter Island.
Countries occurrence:
American Samoa (American Samoa); Angola (Angola, Cabinda); Argentina; Aruba; Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia); Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Benin; Bhutan; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba; Botswana; Brazil; Brunei Darussalam; Burkina Faso; Cambodia; Cameroon; Canada (Alberta - Vagrant, Manitoba - Vagrant, New Brunswick, Newfoundland I - Vagrant, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward I., Québec); Cayman Islands; Central African Republic; Chile; China; Colombia; Comoros; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Cook Islands (Cook Is.); Costa Rica; Côte d'Ivoire; Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Ecuador (Ecuador (mainland), Galápagos); El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Equatorial Guinea (mainland)); Ethiopia; Fiji; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia (Jawa, Sumatera); Jamaica; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritius (Mauritius (main island), Rodrigues); Mayotte; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México Distrito Federal, México State, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatán); Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia (Caprivi Strip, Namibia (main part)); Nauru; New Caledonia; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; Norfolk Island; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea (main island group)); Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Puerto Rico (Navassa I., Puerto Rico (main island)); Réunion; Rwanda; Saint Barthélemy; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Samoa; Sao Tomé and Principe (Principe, Sâo Tomé); Senegal; Seychelles (Aldabra, Seychelles (main island group)); Sierra Leone; Singapore; Solomon Islands; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape Province, North-West Province, Western Cape); South Sudan; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Swaziland; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Togo; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Uganda; United States (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaiian Is., Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin); Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of (Venezuela (mainland)); Viet Nam; Virgin Islands, U.S.; Wallis and Futuna; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Afghanistan; Algeria; Armenia (Armenia); Azerbaijan; Cape Verde; Chad; Cyprus; Egypt (Egypt (African part), Sinai); Georgia (Abkhaziya); Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland)); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Japan; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Lebanon; Mali; Mauritania; Montenegro; Morocco; Nepal; Niger; Oman; Pakistan; Qatar; Russian Federation (Central Asian Russia, Central European Russia, Chita, Dagestan - Native, European Russia, Kabardino-Balkariya, Kamchatka, Kuril Is., Primoryi, Sakhalin); Saudi Arabia; Somalia; Sudan; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; Tunisia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia, Turkey-in-Europe); Turkmenistan; United Arab Emirates; Uzbekistan; Yemen (North Yemen, Socotra, South Yemen)
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is abundant throughout its tropical range, the widest of any odonate.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:No
Extreme fluctuations:NoPopulation severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Pantala flavescens is an obligate migrant that is linked to the monsoon front of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). It commonly uses temporary pools and ponds watered by monsoon rainfalls but may occasionally breed in permanent water. It can be seen anywhere in feeding flight over open country, attracted for breeding to ephemeral habitats such as temporary wetlands in newly filled basins, including drainage ditches. It often breeds in artificial ponds, even swimming pools or small garden ponds, and may appear at new wetlands immediately. Fishlessness is probably prerequisite for breeding habitat, as larvae inhabit vegetation but occur in open in wetlands without vegetation. It also oviposits in canals and large shallow pools of rivers in rainy season. As shiny cars are used by mistake for oviposition, large parking lots are often frequented.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:No
Movement patterns:Full Migrant
Congregatory:Congregatory (and dispersive)

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not used.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no significant threats presently affecting this species. The temporary wetlands where it breeds are susceptible to drought from climate change, but as this species is migratory with great flight powers, individuals will usually be able to disperse far enough to find water.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation actions are needed for this very widespread and common species.

Citation: Boudot, J.-P., Clausnitzer, V., Samraoui, B., Suhling, F., Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Schneider, W. & Paulson, D.R. 2016. Pantala flavescens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T59971A65818523. . Downloaded on 24 September 2018.
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