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Orthetrum stemmale

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA ARTHROPODA INSECTA ODONATA LIBELLULIDAE

Scientific Name: Orthetrum stemmale
Species Authority: (Burmeister, 1839)
Common Name(s):
English Stemmale Skimmer, Strong Skimmer
Synonym(s):
Libellula stemmalis Burmeister, 1839
Orthetrum kalai Longfield, 1936
Orthetrum stemmale subspecies kalai Longfield, 1936
Taxonomic Notes: Seriously confused with O. brachiale.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-05-01
Assessor(s): Clausnitzer, V., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Suhling, F.
Reviewer(s): Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F., Samways, M., Samraoui, B., Boudot, J.P., Kipping, J. (Odonata Red List Authority) & Allen, D. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)
Justification:
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
History:
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern (IUCN 2009.2)
2006 Least Concern (IUCN 2006)
2006 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species is widespread in tropical Africa. All the records need to be checked as are often confused with O. brachiale and the ones from Somalia are known to be erroneous.

In central Africa, it is known from Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome, Principe and Zambia.

In eastern Africa, it has been recorded in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi and Burundi. It is known to be common and widespread in all five countries (assumed in Burundi).

In northeastern Africa, the species is listed for Sudan by Tsuda, although this record needs confirmation. It is also likely to occur in southern Ethiopia.

In southern Africa, this species occurs in the humid north. It also ranges south into South Africa.

In western Africa, the species is known from Gambia to Nigeria.
Countries:
Native:
Angola (Angola); Benin; Botswana; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sierra Leone; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No information available.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Pools and swamps in forest, bush and bushland.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Drainage and destruction of swampy habitats caused by agriculture is a threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information available but research into trends/monitoring of the species would be valuable.

Citation: Clausnitzer, V., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Suhling, F. 2010. Orthetrum stemmale. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 November 2014.
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