|Scientific Name:||Orthetrum stemmale|
|Species Authority:||(Burmeister, 1839)|
Libellula stemmalis Burmeister, 1839
Orthetrum kalai Longfield, 1936
Orthetrum stemmale subspecies kalai Longfield, 1936
|Taxonomic Notes:||Seriously confused with O. brachiale.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Clausnitzer, V., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Suhling, F.|
|Reviewer/s:||Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F., Samways, M., Samraoui, B., Boudot, J.P., Kipping, J. (Odonata Red List Authority) & Allen, D. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||The species is widespread in tropical Africa. All the records need to be checked as are often confused with O. brachiale and the ones from Somalia are known to be erroneous.
In central Africa, it is known from Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome, Principe and Zambia.
In eastern Africa, it has been recorded in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi and Burundi. It is known to be common and widespread in all five countries (assumed in Burundi).
In northeastern Africa, the species is listed for Sudan by Tsuda, although this record needs confirmation. It is also likely to occur in southern Ethiopia.
In southern Africa, this species occurs in the humid north. It also ranges south into South Africa.
In western Africa, the species is known from Gambia to Nigeria.
Native:Angola (Angola); Benin; Botswana; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sierra Leone; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||No information available.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Pools and swamps in forest, bush and bushland.|
|Major Threat(s):||Drainage and destruction of swampy habitats caused by agriculture is a threat.|
|Conservation Actions:||No information available but research into trends/monitoring of the species would be valuable.|
|Citation:||Clausnitzer, V., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Suhling, F. 2010. Orthetrum stemmale. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 12 March 2014.|
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