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Orthetrum brachiale

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA ARTHROPODA INSECTA ODONATA LIBELLULIDAE

Scientific Name: Orthetrum brachiale
Species Authority: (Palisot de Beauvois, 1817)
Common Name(s):
English Tough Skimmer, Strong Skimmer
Taxonomic Notes: Seriously confused with O. stemmale.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-05-01
Assessor(s): Clausnitzer, V. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B.
Reviewer(s): Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F., Samways, M., Samraoui, B., Boudot, J.P., Kipping, J. (Odonata Red List Authority) & Allen, D. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)
Justification:
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
History:
2006 Least Concern (IUCN 2006)
2006 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species is widespread in Africa except  from dense rainforest. However, there are no records known from southern Africa and the Egyptian records should be ignored.

It is known from the entire central Africa (all countries), and the only record from Sao Tome/Principe needs confirmation.

In eastern Africa, it has been recorded in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi and Burundi, where it is known to be common and widespread (Burundi assumed). Eastern African coastal records most likely pertain to O. stemmale.

In northeastern Africa, the species is recorded from Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia. Occurrence in Chad, Uganda, Djibouti and Eritrea assumed.

In southern Africa, this species is widespread in the tropical north, but not in southern Namibia or southern Botswana.

In western Africa, the species is known from Gambia to Nigeria. Probably present in all West African nations, but many records must be confirmed after confusion with O. stemmale.
Countries:
Native:
Angola (Angola); Benin; Botswana; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Comoros; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Kenya; Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Mauritius; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Réunion; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; South Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population size is unknown.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Lentic and lotic waters in savannah, bush and woodland.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Drainage and destruction of swampy habitats due to agriculture are threats to the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Research into trends and monitoring of this species would be valuable.

Citation: Clausnitzer, V. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. 2010. Orthetrum brachiale. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 November 2014.
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