Anax speratus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Anax speratus
Species Authority: Hagen, 1867
Common Name(s):
English Orange Emperor
French Anax du Cap
Anax rutherfordi McLachlan, 1883

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-04-29
Assessor(s): Boudot, J.-P., Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F., Schneider, W. & Samraoui, B.
Reviewer(s): García, N., Tognelli, M. & Suhling, F.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Alomari, K.
Anax speratus is a widespread African species with no known major widespread threats, although destruction of spring habitats (brooks, ponds) in some part of its range may affect the species in the future (Martens et al. 2010, Schneider, pers. obs.), but it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
2006 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Anax speratus is widespread from South Africa to east Africa (Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia) and reaches the southwest of the Arabian Peninsula (Yemen and Saudi Arabia).
Angola (Angola, Angola); Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia (Namibia (main part)); Saudi Arabia; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, North-West Province, Western Cape); South Sudan; Sudan; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Yemen; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population size is unknown.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This lotic species is restricted to moderately flowing waters and spring outlets bordered by rushes and reeds (small spring brooks, streams and rivers), along which the males patrol continuously up and down, searching for prey and females. Sometimes recorded on pools created by springs.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat loss and degradation due to groundwater extraction and water pollution are threats to the species, however, these are not considered to be significantly affecting the global population at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation measures are known to be in place or needed for this species but research on population ecology, habitat status and population trends would be valuable.

Citation: Boudot, J.-P., Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F., Schneider, W. & Samraoui, B. 2013. Anax speratus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 28 March 2015.
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