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Agriocnemis exilis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA ARTHROPODA INSECTA ODONATA COENAGRIONIDAE

Scientific Name: Agriocnemis exilis
Species Authority: Selys, 1872
Common Name(s):
English Little Whisp, Little Wisp

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-05-01
Assessor(s): Clausnitzer, V., Boudot, J.-P., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Suhling, F.
Reviewer(s): Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F., Samways, M., Samraoui, B., Boudot, J.P., Kipping, J. (Odonata Red List Authority) & Allen, D. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)
Justification:
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.

In central, northeastern, southern and western Africa, Agriocnemis exilis is listed as Least Concern.

The single record of Agriocnemis exilis in northern Africa is dated 1912 and its nearest published localities are in south Sudan, 2,481 km further south. Therefore it is listed as Regionally Extinct as it is quite impossible for such a minute-sized, sedentary species to recolonise the Nile delta given human management of the Nile River even though this river has been a well-known route for Afrotropical species to colonize northeastern Africa and the Levant.
History:
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern (IUCN 2009.2)
2006 Least Concern (IUCN 2006)
2006 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species has been recorded from sub-Saharan Africa, where it is widespread except from rainforest regions.

In central Africa, it has been recorded from Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Zambia. In respect of the overall wide distribution in Africa, its occurrence in other central African countries assumed.

In eastern Africa, it is common and widespread in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Malawi. Its distribution in Burundi is assumed.

Agriocnemis exilis is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa, with its northernmost range recorded in northern Africa. It has been recorded only once in northern Egypt in 1911-1912 (Port-Said, Martin, 1915). If this record is valid, the occurrence of this Afrotropical species, of which the nearest published localities are in the upper Nile system in southern Sudan, underline once more the well known role of the Nile in the penetration of Afrotropical aquatic animals in the Palearctic up to the African Mediterranean coast. On the other hand, either a label error or a confusion with the Levantine species Agriocnemis sania Nielsen, 1959 cannot be excluded.

In northeastern Africa, the species has been recorded from Egypt, Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia. Its occurrence in Sudan is assumed.

This species is widespread in all countries of southern Africa, but it is not found in the Cape, western parts of South Africa and southernmost parts of Namibia.

In western Africa, it is known from Senegal to Nigeria and Chad.
Countries:
Native:
Angola (Angola); Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Côte d'Ivoire; Ethiopia; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Kenya; Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Mauritius; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Réunion; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Present - origin uncertain:
Burundi
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population size is unknown.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Swamps, swampy pools and rivers.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Drainage and destruction of swampy habitats due to pollution are threats to the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation measures known but information on taxonomy, population ecology, habitat status and population trends would be valuable. Habitat maintenance and the establishment of protected areas is also required.

Citation: Clausnitzer, V., Boudot, J.-P., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Suhling, F. 2010. Agriocnemis exilis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 October 2014.
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