|Scientific Name:||Sinhalestes orientalis|
|Species Authority:||(Hagen, 1862)|
Lestes orientalis Hagen, 1859
|Taxonomic Notes:||Monotypic genus, taxonomically isolated, no near allies. Original description: Lestes orientalis Hagen in Selys, 1862.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Kalkman, V. & Clausnitzer, V. (Odonata Red List Authority)|
Not found since description more than 140 years ago. The species might be already extinct. Not present in any of the large odonatological collections from the island made by entomologist (not odonatologists!) in last 50 years; Naturhistorischen Museum Basle (Switzerland), National Museum Natural History - Smithsonian Institution (USA), Lund University (Sweden) and University of Vienna (Austria). Also not found during the author’s surveys in last years (1995, 2001, 2003). Since no really exhaustive odonatological faunistic survey, covering appropriate localities in different seasons, has been made by odonatologists in order to eventually find its remaining populations, the species does not qualify under category extinct (EX). More field research is urgently needed.
So far only the only dragonfly species from Sri Lanka listed on the world list of dragonfly taxa to which special attention should be devoted in the following years (Moore 1997).
|Range Description:||Endemic to Sri Lanka. Only type locality is known: Rambode, Nuwara Eliya District. The species might be already extinct. Not present in any of the large odonatological collections from the island made by entomologist (not odonatologists!) in last 50 years (Naturhistorischen Museum Basle (Switzerland), National Museum of Natural History - Smithsonian Institution (USA), Lund University (Sweden) and University of Vienna (Austria)) Museum collections accessed by M. Bedjanic between 2005-2009. Also not found during the author’s surveys in last years (1995, 2001, 2003).|
Possibly extinct:Sri Lanka
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Population size and trend is unknown, possibly extinct.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat unknown. Only type male and female are known, larval form unknown.|
|Major Threat(s):||The wider area of type locality was completely changed in last century. Destruction of primary and secondary rainforests, destruction of forest corridors along streams, pollution and other pressures on streams and rivers in the southwestern and central part of Sri Lanka are the major threat for exceptionally rich endemic dragonfly fauna of the island (Bedjanic 2004).|
Apart from the general conservation guidelines, no
"site specific single-species-oriented” conservation measures can be
proposed for the moment. General guidelines for protection of rich endemic dragonfly fauna of Sri Lanka include (1) establishment of network of new small protected areas and corridors in the 'wet zone' (mountains and the southwestern part of the country), (2) conservation of forest corridors along streams and rivulets outside protected areas in the wet zone and (3) effective execution of appropriate nature conservation measures in partly damaged declared protected areas (Bedjanic 2004).
As far as species habitat and potential area of occurrence is concerned the Sri Lankan Moist Forests (Ecoregion 21: Sri Lanka lowland rain forests (IM0154)) and South-western Sri Lanka Rivers and Streams (Ecoregion 172) are included in the prestigious WWF’s global 200 list of the earth’s most biologically outstanding habitats. The conservation status of the ecoregions is judged as critical/endangered (Ecoregion 21) and vulnerable (Ecoregion 172) (Olson et al. 2000).
|Citation:||Bedjanič, M. 2009. Sinhalestes orientalis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 12 December 2013.|
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