Scolecomorphus kirkii 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Gymnophiona Scolecomorphidae

Scientific Name: Scolecomorphus kirkii
Species Authority: Boulenger, 1883
Common Name(s):
English Lake Tanganyika Caecilian, Kirk's Caecilian
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: The specific status of the different populations needs assessment (S. Loader pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Simon Loader, Lovemore Mazibuko, Mark Wilkinson
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its reasonably wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from the mountains of southern Malawi east of the Shire Valley (with no records yet from Mount Mulanje, although it is likely to occur there), and in Tanzania from the Nguru, Rubeho, Uluguru, Mahenge and Udzungwa Mountains, and the Southern Highland (Ubena). There has been a recent possible record (not mapped) from northern Mozambique, close to known Malawian sites. Its altitudinal range is not fully known, though it is generally montane, but occurs at lower elevations in some places (down to around 500m asl).
Countries occurrence:
Malawi; Tanzania, United Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no direct information.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a species that lives in the soil in montane, submontane and lowland forest, but which also survives in cultivated areas and villages. There are records from Iringa town in the Udzungwa Mountains. If its breeding is similar to that of other species of Scolecomorphus, it is a viviparous species, not dependent on water.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It appears not to be a threatened species. It appears in the international pet trade, but not at a level to constitute a threat to the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the Udzungwa National Park, Tanzania.

Citation: Simon Loader, Lovemore Mazibuko, Mark Wilkinson. 2004. Scolecomorphus kirkii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59651A11976182. . Downloaded on 29 May 2016.
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