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Epicrionops bicolor

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA GYMNOPHIONA RHINATREMATIDAE

Scientific Name: Epicrionops bicolor
Species Authority: Boulenger, 1883
Common Name/s:
English Two-coloured Caecilian
Taxonomic Notes: Taylor (1968) recognized two subspecies, the status of which require more research. It is likely to be a complex of more than one species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-11-03
Assessor/s: Javier Icochea, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, John Lynch, Mark Wilkinson
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
History:
2004 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found on the Pacific slopes of the Andes in Colombia (department of Valle del Cauca) and Ecuador (provinces of Cotopaxi and El Oro), and the Amazonian slopes of the Andes in southern Ecuador (Zamora Chinchipe province) and southern Perú (regions of Junín and Cusco). It has been found at elevations of 1,750-2,000m asl in Colombia.
Countries:
Native:
Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is very little information, but large collections have been made on a few occasions.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a subterranean species in cloud forests, submontane forest and foothill forests. It is associated with streams. Its ability to adapt to secondary habitats is not known. It is presumed to lay eggs on land, with the larvae developing in streams.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is no information on threats to this species. Possible threats include loss of mountain forest for livestock, agricultural activities and water pollution, but the significance of these depends on the ability of the species to adapt to change.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with Reserva Ecológica Los Illinizas and Reserva Biológica Tapichalaca. In Peru, it is present in the montane region of Parque Nacional Manu.
Citation: Javier Icochea, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, John Lynch, Mark Wilkinson 2010. Epicrionops bicolor. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.
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