Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Gymnophiona Dermophiidae

Scientific Name: Dermophis costaricense
Species Authority: Taylor, 1955
Dermophis costaricensis Taylor, 1955
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: This species was recently resurrected from synonymy of Dermophis mexicanus by Savage and Wake (2001). Its taxonomic status is unclear.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Bolaños, F., Wake, M. & Wilkinson, M.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing uncertainties as to its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Data Deficient (DD)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs on the premontane Atlantic slopes of Costa Rica at altitudes of 1,000-1,300m asl. It is known from the Tilarán, Central and Talamanca Cordilleras.
Countries occurrence:
Costa Rica
Lower elevation limit (metres): 1000
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1300
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There are no data on its population status. Due to its subterranean habits, this species is rarely seen.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is subterranean, and is usually found under logs and surface debris in premontane rainforest. This is a viviparous species.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The extent to which deforestation is a threat to the species is unknown.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo and Parque Nacional Tapantí in Costa Rica, and it is in need of taxonomic review (Mark Wilkinson pers. comm.).

Citation: Bolaños, F., Wake, M. & Wilkinson, M. 2008. Dermophis costaricense. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59542A11961001. . Downloaded on 10 October 2015.
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