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Caecilia isthmica

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA GYMNOPHIONA CAECILIIDAE

Scientific Name: Caecilia isthmica
Species Authority: Cope, 1878
Taxonomic Notes: The taxonomic status of this species is unclear. It was removed from the synonymy of Caecilia tentaculata by Savage and Wake (2001). In this account, we provisionally assign all of Lynch's (1999) Pacific records of C. tentaculata to C. isthmica. However, Savage and Wake (2001) do not cite Lynch (1999), and they did not examine the more extensive Colombian material studied by Lynch. This means that they place C. isthmica in Colombia based only on Dunn's (1942) record. However, Lynch (1999) reports that none of the Colombian specimens that he examined matches Dunn's (1942) description, and, further, that he suspects that C. guntheri and the Pacific C. tentaculata (= C. isthmica sensu Savage and Wake 2001) might be conspecific. If this is the case, C. isthmica would be the valid name.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor/s: Taran Grant, John Lynch, Mark Wilkinson, Marvalee Wake
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Data Deficient since it has only recently been separated from Caecilia tentaculata, taxonomic confusion remains, and there is still very little information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species ranges from San Blas on the eastern side of the isthmus of Darién in Panama, south through the Pacific lowlands of western Colombia, probably at least as far as northern Valle del Cauca Department. It certainly occurs at low altitudes, and probably ranges up to medium altitudes, although details on its altitudinal range are lacking.
Countries:
Native:
Colombia; Panama
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no information on the population status of this species.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: There is no information concerning its habitat and ecological preferences, though it is presumably subterranean, living in primary forest and probably also secondary forest.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation as a result of expanding agriculture is a potential threa to this species, but there is not enough information available to confirm this.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known from any protected areas, though it is likely to occur in some. It is in need of taxonomic review (Wilkinson pers. comm.).
Citation: Taran Grant, John Lynch, Mark Wilkinson, Marvalee Wake 2004. Caecilia isthmica. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.
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