Lissotriton montandoni


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Lissotriton montandoni
Species Authority: (Boulenger, 1860)
Common Name(s):
English Carpathian Newt
Triturus montandoni (Boulenger, 1860)
Triturus montandoni (Boulenger, 1860)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Jan Willem Arntzen, Sergius Kuzmin, Natalia Ananjeva, Nikolai Orlov, Boris Tuniyev, Agnieszka Ogrodowczyk, Maria Ogielska, Wiesiek Babik, Dan Cogalniceanu
Reviewer(s): Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Amphibian Assessment)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
2004 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the east Carpathian and easternmost Sudetes Mountains. Introduced into the Bayrischen Wald, Bavaria, Germany. It has an altitudinal range from 120 to a maximum of 2,000m asl.
Czech Republic; Poland; Romania; Slovakia; Ukraine
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is generally common and locally abundant in the Carpathian Mountains. However, it is declining throughout its range.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It can be found in wet and shaded coniferous, mixed and deciduous forests (consisting of beech, alder, pine, oak etc.), their edges and meadow glades; also sub alpine areas. Reproduction and larval development in almost all temporary and permanent water sources in the Carpathians including lakes, ponds, swamps, springs, puddles, ditches, overgrown stream pools and even wheel ruts in country roads. It may be present in modified habitats, even polluted waters (Arnold 2002).
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Some populations have declined due to habitat destruction (logging and infrastructure development), introduction of predatory fish species and pollution of habitats by domestic sewage. Collection of newts for education, science and the pet trade has negatively impacted some populations. It is affected by hybridization with L. vulgaris, as the range of L. vulgaris is generally spreading in the region with ongoing deforestation.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention. Protected by national legislation in Poland. Listed in the Red Data Books of the USSR and Ukraine. It is present in a number of protected areas.

Citation: Jan Willem Arntzen, Sergius Kuzmin, Natalia Ananjeva, Nikolai Orlov, Boris Tuniyev, Agnieszka Ogrodowczyk, Maria Ogielska, Wiesiek Babik, Dan Cogalniceanu 2009. Lissotriton montandoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 31 March 2015.
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