Necturus punctatus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Proteidae

Scientific Name: Necturus punctatus
Species Authority: (Gibbes, 1850)
Common Name(s):
English Dwarf Waterdog
Menobranchus punctatus Gibbes, 1850
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2014-03-03
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Luedtke, J.
Contributor(s): Hammerson, G.A. & Garcia Moreno, J.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Garcia Moreno, J.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species can be found in the USA on the Coastal Plain from southeastern Virginia to at least central Georgia, and Fall Line and Piedmont from North Carolina to Georgia; populations westward to Mobile appear to be related to N. beyeri or possibly represent an undescribed species (see Dundee 1998).
Countries occurrence:
United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Viable populations occur in most areas of the range (see Petranka 1998).
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in the bottoms of slow, sand- or mud-bottomed streams and connected ditches, cypress swamps; also stream-fed rice fields and mill ponds. It favours bottoms with leaf-litter and detritus. Juveniles burrow into bottom while adults congregate in leaf beds in winter. Eggs probably are attached to undersides of objects in water.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: No records of this species being utilized

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are unknown.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None needed. It occurs in several protected areas. Monitoring and research on population trends are lacking.

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2014. Necturus punctatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T59434A56453993. . Downloaded on 01 December 2015.
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