Pseudotriton ruber


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pseudotriton ruber
Species Authority: (Latreille,1801)
Common Name/s:
English Red Salamander

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor/s: Geoffrey Hammerson
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species can be found from the eastern United States from southern New York to southern Indiana and south to the Gulf Coast; absent from most of Atlantic coastal plain south of Virginia and from peninsular Florida (Petranka 1998).
United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is widespread and secure.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It can be found in cold, clear, rocky streams and springs in wooded or open areas. Adults occur in or near water in leaf-litter and under rocks, and in crevices and burrows near water. Adults sometimes disperse into woods. Eggs are attached to underside of rocks in water. Larvae occur in still pools.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation, acid drainage from coalmines, and stream siltation and pollution undoubtedly has resulted in the loss of many populations (Petranka 1998). However, the species is secure on a global scale.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None needed. It occurs in many protected areas,
Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Pseudotriton ruber. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 18 April 2014.
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