Pseudoeurycea nigromaculata 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Pseudoeurycea nigromaculata
Species Authority: (Taylor, 1941)
Common Name(s):
English Black-spotted False Brook Salamander, Black-spotted Salamander
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).
Taxonomic Notes: It is likely that this form consists of two separate species (G. Parra-Olea and D. Wake pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Mario García-París
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, the habitat is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in east-central Veracruz, Mexico.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Critically Endangered (CR)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in two sites in southern Veracruz, Mexico: the peak of Cerro Chicahuaxtla, Cuatlalpan, at 1,600m asl; and at 1,200-1,300m asl on Volcán San Martín. It is likely that the taxon consists of two separate species, one in each site.
Countries occurrence:
Lower elevation limit (metres): 1200
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1300
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Once relatively common, it is now very rare; a single specimen was recorded at Cerro Chicahuaxtla in 2007 after not having been seen since the mid-1980s.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is arboreal in montane tropical forest (cloud forest) living in bromeliads, an unusual habitat for a salamander in this genus. It reproduces by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Most of the habitat of this species has disappeared or has been severely degraded as a result of logging, agriculture, and expanding human settlements.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known from any protected areas, and protection of the remaining habitat at the two known sites is urgently needed. Survey work is also needed to ascertain whether or not the species survives in the wild at either site. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Citation: Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Mario García-París. 2008. Pseudoeurycea nigromaculata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59390A11915387. . Downloaded on 25 November 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided