Pseudoeurycea leprosa 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Pseudoeurycea leprosa
Species Authority: (Cope, 1869)
Common Name(s):
English Leprous False Brook Salamander
Bolitoglossa leprosa (Cope, 1869)
Eurycea leprosus (Cope, 1869)
Geotriton laticeps (Brocchi, 1883)
Geotriton leprosus (Cope, 1869)
Oedipus leprosus (Cope, 1869)
Oedipus orizabensis (Blatchley, 1893)
Spelerpes orizabensis Blatchley, 1893
Spelerpes gibbicaudus Blatchley, 1893
Spelerpes laticeps Brocchi, 1883
Spelerpes leprosus Cope, 1869
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Parra-Olea, G. & Wake, D.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat, and in the number of mature individuals on the Mexican Plateau.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Vulnerable (VU)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species ranges from eastern Puebla and western Veracruz to Plaxcala, Estado de Mexico and Distrito Federal, Mexico. There is an isolated population in northern Hidalgo. Its altitudinal range is 2,500-3,200m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It used to be the commonest salamander on the Mexican Plateau. It is still present, but is far less abundant, although not uncommon.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives at high elevations in pine and pine-oak forests. It is terrestrial, and can withstand only limited disturbance to its habitat. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Its habitat is threatened by agriculture, forestry, and human settlement, as well as touristic activities within national parks.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in several protected areas, including Parque Nacional Cumbres del Ajusco, though many of these are in need of improved management for the benefit of biodiversity conservation. This species is listed as "Threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government.

Citation: Parra-Olea, G. & Wake, D. 2008. Pseudoeurycea leprosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59383A11912998. . Downloaded on 01 December 2015.
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