Pseudoeurycea anitae 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Pseudoeurycea anitae
Species Authority: Bogert, 1967
Common Name(s):
English Anita's False Brook Salamander
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: The taxonomic validity of this species is not clear (G. Parra-Olea and D. Wake pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered () B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, James Hanken
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 100 km², all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its fragmented habitat around the town of San Vicente Lachixio.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Data Deficient (DD)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from the vicinity of San Vicente Lachixio town, in the Sierra Madre del Sur, in Oaxaca, Mexico, at 2,100m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Possibly extinct:
Number of Locations: 1
Lower elevation limit (metres): 2100
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2100
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There have been no records of it for 15 years, but it was never common. Recent searches for it have been unsuccessful, and it might already be extinct.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is known from pine-oak forest, where it lives in sinkholes, crevices and caves, always in moist places. Reproduction is by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Its habitat around San Vicente Lachixio town has largely disappeared, with almost all the trees having been cut down. As a result, the habitat has dried out, which is to the detriment of this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Urgent protection of any remaining forest near the type locality area is required, but security problems in the area make it difficult to implement conservation measures for this species. It is listed as "threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government. The taxonomic validity of this species is not clear and needs to be investigated.

Citation: Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, James Hanken. 2008. Pseudoeurycea anitae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59368A11923207. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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