Plethodon teyahalee


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Plethodon teyahalee
Species Authority: Highton, 1983
Common Name/s:
English Southern Appalachian Salamander
Plethodon oconaluftee Hairston, 1993

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor/s: Geoffrey Hammerson
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern since, although its Extent of Occurrence is probably less than 20,000 km2, it occurs in an area of extensive, suitable habitat which appears not to be under significant threat, it has a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species can be found in the USA. It can also be found in the Blue Ridge physiographic province of southwestern North Carolina west of French Broad River, and immediately adjacent Tennessee; also northern Rabun County, Georgia, and Oconee, Pickens, Abbeville and Anderson counties, South Carolina (Highton 1983, Petranka 1998). Tennessee: Unicoi Mountains in Monroe and Polk counties and the Great Smoky Mountains in Sevier and Cocke counties (Redmond and Scott 1996). It can be found at elevations up to 1,550m asl (Petranka 1998).
United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Overall populations are stable. Hairston and Wiley (1993) monitored populations in mature forests in western North Carolina for nearly two decades and found no evidence of long-term population declines (cited by Petranka 1998). Estimated 5 or less extant sites in Georgia (R. Mac Beth pers. comm., 1997). It is common in main portion of range in North Carolina (J. Petranka pers. comm., 1997). Redmond and Scott (1996) mapped 21 collection localities in Tennessee.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Birch-beech-hemlock forest with witch hazel, mountain laurel, and rhododendron understorey; home range typically includes a retreat hole (Nishikawa 1990). Highest densities occur in mature, mesic hardwood forests (Petranka 1998). It is a terrestrial breeder, with direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Historical populations are threatened by clear cutting, currently believed to be stable (J. Petranka pers. comm., 1997).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Majority of range occurs in Blue Ridge Parkway National Park, Great Smoky National Park, and U.S. Forest Service lands (J. Petranka pers. comm., 1997); many of these populations receive some degree of protection (Petranka 1998).
Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Plethodon teyahalee. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 18 April 2014.
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