Plethodon richmondi


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Plethodon richmondi
Species Authority: Netting and Mittleman, 1938
Common Name/s:
English Ravine Salamander
Taxonomic Notes: Highton (1999) removed certain populations from this species and recognized them as a distinct species, Plethodon electromorphus, based on allele frequencies.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor/s: Geoffrey Hammerson
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species can be found in Eastern Kentucky, southern West Virginia (west of the New and Kanawha rivers and south of the Teays River valley), western Virginia, northwestern North Carolina, and northeastern Tennessee, United States (Highton 1999).
United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is common in many areas. Populations are presumed to be relatively stable.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is terrestrial. It can be found under logs, stumps, rocks, or leaf-litter on moist wooded slopes of valleys and ravines; high densities on wooded talus; rarely on dry ridge crests, hilltops, or valley floors (Regester 2000). Generally underground in mid-winter and summer. Lays eggs under rocks or in underground cavity, which develop directly without a larval stage.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation and urbanization have eliminated local populations (Petranka 1998), but overall the species appears to be secure in most of its range.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None needed. It occurs in several protected areas.
Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Plethodon richmondi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.
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