Plethodon electromorphus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Plethodon electromorphus
Species Authority: Highton, 1999
Common Name/s:
English Northern Ravine Salamander

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor/s: Geoffrey Hammerson
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species can be found in the USA in southeastern Indiana, Ohio (except northwestern part of the state), northern Kentucky, southwestern Pennsylvania, and northwestern West Virginia (Highton 1999, Regester 2000).
United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There are many occurrences; well over 100 widely distributed collection sites (e.g., Pfingsten and Downs 1989).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is terrestrial and found under logs, stumps, rocks, or leaf-litter on moist wooded slopes of valleys and ravines; high densities on wooded talus; sometimes along stream margins; rarely on dry ridge crests, hilltops, or valley floors (Regester 2000). Generally underground in mid-winter and summer. Lays eggs under rocks or in underground cavity, where they develop directly without a larval stage.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): None known. Local populations are impacted by deforestation.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None needed. It occurs in many protected areas.
Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Plethodon electromorphus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.
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