Oedipina pseudouniformis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Oedipina pseudouniformis Brame, 1968
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Savage, J. & Köhler, G.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in Costa Rica and Nicaragua, and there is a continuing decline in the number of mature individuals.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in Costa Rica and Nicaragua. It can be found on the Atlantic and Pacific slopes in northern Costa Rica and on the Atlantic slope of central Costa Rica, at 19-1,253m asl. In Nicaragua, it is known from two localities: Hacienda la Cumplida (north-east of Matagalpa) at 730m asl; and Parque Nacional Saslaya, at 945m asl (Köhler et al., 2004).
Countries occurrence:
Costa Rica; Nicaragua
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):19
Upper elevation limit (metres):1253
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It was formerly very common, but has undergone serious declines (although individuals continue to turn up in surveys conducted in appropriate habitat). The reasons for the declines of this species and the rate of decline are not known, and while the last specimen was collected in 1996, the species may still persist (Federico Bolaños pers. comm.).
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It lives in moss banks and under logs in lowland and premontane wet forest, and can survive in somewhat degraded habitats. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat is habitat loss due to smallholder farming activities, wood collection, and human settlement.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in Parque Nacional Saslaya (in Nicaragua) and in Parque Nacional Arenal and several catchment forest reserves in Costa Rica. There is a need for close population monitoring of this species. Surveys are urgently needed to determine the rate of population decline, and to identify remaining populations.

Citation: Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Savage, J. & Köhler, G. 2008. Oedipina pseudouniformis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59322A11916436. . Downloaded on 21 June 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided