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Oedipina pseudouniformis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA CAUDATA PLETHODONTIDAE

Scientific Name: Oedipina pseudouniformis
Species Authority: Brame, 1968

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor/s: Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves, David Wake, Jay Savage, Gunther Köhler
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in Costa Rica and Nicaragua, and there is a continuing decline in the number of mature individuals.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in Costa Rica and Nicaragua. It can be found on the Atlantic and Pacific slopes in northern Costa Rica and on the Atlantic slope of central Costa Rica, at 19-1,253m asl. In Nicaragua, it is known from two localities: Hacienda la Cumplida (north-east of Matagalpa) at 730m asl; and Parque Nacional Saslaya, at 945m asl (Köhler et al., 2004).
Countries:
Native:
Costa Rica; Nicaragua
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It was formerly very common, but has undergone serious declines (although individuals continue to turn up in surveys conducted in appropriate habitat). The reasons for the declines of this species and the rate of decline are not known, and while the last specimen was collected in 1996, the species may still persist (Federico Bolaños pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in moss banks and under logs in lowland and premontane wet forest, and can survive in somewhat degraded habitats. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat is habitat loss due to smallholder farming activities, wood collection, and human settlement.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in Parque Nacional Saslaya (in Nicaragua) and in Parque Nacional Arenal and several catchment forest reserves in Costa Rica. There is a need for close population monitoring of this species. Surveys are urgently needed to determine the rate of population decline, and to identify remaining populations.
Citation: Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves, David Wake, Jay Savage, Gunther Köhler 2004. Oedipina pseudouniformis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 April 2014.
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