Oedipina gracilis 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Oedipina gracilis
Species Authority: Taylor, 1952
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered A2ac ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Bolaños, F., Savage, J., Wake, D., Ibáñez, R. & Solís, F.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.
Listed as Endangered because of an observed serious population decline, estimated to be more than 50% over the last three generations, based a greatly reduced number of observations of the species, and on shrinkage and degradation of its habitat. The generation length is assumed to be 7 years.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Endangered (EN)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from the Atlantic lowlands of Costa Rica and extreme north-western Panama, at 3-710m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Costa Rica; Panama
Lower elevation limit (metres): 3
Upper elevation limit (metres): 710
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It was formerly common, but is now very rare, though still surviving at several sites, including La Selva Biological Station in Costa Rica.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits lowland rainforest, where it can be found in leaf-litter, under rotten logs, moss or rocks, on tree trunks or on the ground. It can tolerate very limited habitat degradation. Breeding takes place by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat destruction due to expanding agriculture, logging and human settlements is probably the main cause of the decline.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the La Selva Biological Station and Reserve in Costa Rica, but there are otherwise very few protected areas within its range. The species is in need of close population monitoring.

Citation: Bolaños, F., Savage, J., Wake, D., Ibáñez, R. & Solís, F. 2008. Oedipina gracilis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59314A11913428. . Downloaded on 25 November 2015.
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