Oedipina cyclocauda 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Oedipina cyclocauda Taylor, 1952
Common Name(s):
English Costa Rica Worm Salamander
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: It is possible that unrelated species are being referred to under this name (D. Wake pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Ibáñez, R., Wake, D., Chaves, G., Bolaños, F., Köhler, G. & Castañeda, F.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species ranges from extreme northeastern Panama, through the Atlantic versants of Costa Rica and Nicaragua to north-central Honduras. It occurs generally below 600m asl. Records up to 1,780m asl in Honduras might refer to another species.
Countries occurrence:
Costa Rica; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):600
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is uncommon but present widely. In Honduras it is fairly common, with between five and seven specimens recorded in 2006 (Franklin Castañeda pers. comm.).
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It inhabits humid lowland forest, where it is terrestrial and semi-fossorial. It can survive in somewhat disturbed forest where there are still tall trees. In Honduras, it has been recorded from shaded coffee plantations (Franklin Castañeda pers. comm.). It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to this species is the drying of the soil resulting from the loss of trees. This is happening through much of its range due to the expansion of agriculture and human settlements, as well as logging. The conversion of shaded coffee plantations to open plantations is likely to lead to a decline in this species (Franklin Castañeda pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It presumably occurs in a number of protected areas.

Citation: Ibáñez, R., Wake, D., Chaves, G., Bolaños, F., Köhler, G. & Castañeda, F. 2008. Oedipina cyclocauda. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59311A11912455. . Downloaded on 20 May 2018.
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