Gyrinophilus porphyriticus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Gyrinophilus porphyriticus
Species Authority: (Green, 1827)
Common Name(s):
English Spring Salamander
Taxonomic Notes: Some authors include Gyrinophilus subterraneus in this species (Blaney and Blaney 1978).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Geoffrey Hammerson
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species can be found in eastern North America from southern Quebec and southern Maine to northern Georgia, Alabama, and northeastern Mississippi (Conant and Colins 1991).
Canada; United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Total adult population size is unknown but surely exceeds 10,000.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Small, clear upland streams; clear springs; caves; shaded seepages; occasionally in swamps and lake margins. Sometimes also in forested wet areas away from streams, especially during rainy periods. Often under rocks, logs, leaves, or moss in or near water. Eggs usually are attached to undersides of rocks in running water.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation and its impacts on stream conditions are the primary potential threats, but in general this species is secure throughout most of its range.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation measures are needed. It occurs in many protected areas.

Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Gyrinophilus porphyriticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 24 October 2014.
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