|Scientific Name:||Desmognathus orestes|
|Species Authority:||Tilley & Mahoney, 1996|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.
|Range Description:||This species can be found in the Blue Ridge Physiographic Province, USA, from Floyd County, Virginia, to somewhere between Linville Falls and McKinney Gap on the Blue Ridge Divide (Burke and McDowell counties, North Carolina) and to the headwaters of Toms and Clark creeks about 1.5 km northeast of Iron Mountain Gap on the North Carolina-Tennessee boundary (Tilley and Mahoney 1996). This headwaters area is in Mitchell and Unicoi counties, according to Tilley and Mahoney (1996), or in Avery and Carter counties, according to Petranka (1998).|
Native:United States (North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is common at higher elevations throughout its range (Petranka 1998).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It can be found at lower elevations and in winter usually concentrates near seepage areas, springs and small streams. Animals may range into adjacent wooded areas in wet weather. It is more terrestrial at higher elevations, characteristic inhabitant of floor of spruce-fir forests. It is often abundant on wet rock faces. Eggs are laid in wet rock crevices or under rocks, logs or moss in seepage areas or near small streams. The larvae develop in water.|
|Use and Trade:||
There are no reports of this species being utilized.
|Major Threat(s):||"Local populations are often severely depressed after clear-cutting, and low-elevation populations might take many decades to recover following intensive timbering" (Petranka et al. 1994, Petranka 1998).|
|Conservation Actions:||It is in minimal need of protection (Petranka 1998). It occurs in several protected areas.|
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Desmognathus orestes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 August 2015.|
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