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Bolitoglossa sima

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA CAUDATA PLETHODONTIDAE

Scientific Name: Bolitoglossa sima
Species Authority: (Vaillant, 1911)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Ana Almendáriz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in northwestern Ecuador.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in the north-western lowlands of Ecuador, below 1,000m asl. It is likely to have a slightly larger range than currently known.
Countries:
Native:
Ecuador
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The current population status of this species is not known.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Individuals have been found in dense wet forest, as well as in a grassy field, cleared for cattle grazing (Brame and Wake 1963b). However, this does not necessarily suggest that the species adapts well to human-modified landscapes, and they might prefer regenerated forests. It breeds by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Agriculture, both crops and livestock, as well as logging are major threats to the species’ habitat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Its range includes Reserva Ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas.

Citation: Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Ana Almendáriz 2004. Bolitoglossa sima. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 November 2014.
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