Bolitoglossa orestes 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Bolitoglossa orestes Brame & Wake, 1962
Common Name(s):
English Culata Mushroomtongue Salamander
Spanish Salamandra Meridena
Bolitoglossa spongai Barrio-Amorós & Fuentes-Ramos, 1999
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Enrique La Marca, Juan Elías García-Pérez
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Vulnerable because it is known from fewer than five locations.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is restricted to cloud forests in the vicinity of Mérida city, in Mérida state, Venezuela. It has been recorded from 2,000-3,500m asl (Brame and Wake 1962).
Countries occurrence:
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is not a common species.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is restricted to cloud forests, and breeds by direct development.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Some populations might be affected by logging and agriculture; however, much of its habitat is conserved in protected areas.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is found in Parque Nacional Sierra de la Culata and Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada. It is listed as an endangered species in the Venezuelan Red Data Book.

Citation: Enrique La Marca, Juan Elías García-Pérez. 2004. Bolitoglossa orestes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59190A11884641. . Downloaded on 26 September 2018.
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