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Bolitoglossa epimela

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA CAUDATA PLETHODONTIDAE

Scientific Name: Bolitoglossa epimela
Species Authority: Wake and Brame, 1963
Taxonomic Notes: There are considerable taxonomic problems with this species. The systematic status of the population from Tapanti needed to be resolved (Federico Bolaños pers. comm. 2007).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor/s: Federico Bolaños, David Wake, Jay Savage
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing uncertainty as to its taxonomic status as well as absence of recent information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from the Río Chitiria (near Turrialba) and Tapantí, in Cartago Province, Costa Rica, from 775-1,550m asl. Both localities are on the Atlantic versant of Costa Rica.
Countries:
Native:
Costa Rica
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is known from only ten specimens, and there is very little information on its population status, although it appears to be rare. Extensive work in Tapantí has failed to find it again, and it has probably almost disappeared from the Río Chataria, due to habitat loss.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species lives in premontane wet forest and rainforest, where it forages on elevated logs and leaf surfaces within a metre of the ground. It appears not to be able to survive in degraded habitats. Breeding is by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to this species is habitat loss. Its habitat at the type locality (Río Chitiria) has almost disappeared due to small-scale subsistence wood extraction.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: One site where this species was collected is now protected as Parque Nacional Tapantí. However, extensive work in recent years has failed to locate it in this locality, and in any case it needs to be determined whether or not the Tapantí population belongs to this species, or whether or not the two populations belong to different species.
Citation: Federico Bolaños, David Wake, Jay Savage 2004. Bolitoglossa epimela. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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