Bolitoglossa capitana 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Bolitoglossa capitana Brame & Wake, 1963
Common Name(s):
English Orphan Salamander
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Martha Patricia Ramírez Pinilla, Mariela Osorno-Muñoz, Jose Vicente Rueda, Adolfo Amézquita, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single sub-population, and the extent of its forest habitat in Cundinamarca (Colombia) is declining.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from the type locality, "Hacienda La Victoria (La Granja Infantil-an orphanage, 6km north of Albán on the Albánto Sasaima Road) between Albán and Sasaima...", in the Cordillera Oriental about 50km north-west of Bogotá, in the department of Cundinamarca, in Colombia, at around 1,780m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is known from only six specimens, and is thought to be a rare species; no specimens have been found recently despite surveys at the type locality.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It occurs in undisturbed or slightly disturbed montane cloud forest, among fallen leaves on slopes, and on bushes and herbaceous vegetation. It breeds by direct development.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat destruction and degradation, primarily due to agriculture, is the major threat, and the habitat in which the species occurs is now severely fragmented.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known to occur in any protected areas, and there is a need for urgent protection of the remaining native habitat at the type locality. Further survey work is required to determine the current population status of this species.

Citation: Martha Patricia Ramírez Pinilla, Mariela Osorno-Muñoz, Jose Vicente Rueda, Adolfo Amézquita, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo. 2004. Bolitoglossa capitana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59142A11889041. . Downloaded on 24 October 2017.
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