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Hynobius chinensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA CAUDATA HYNOBIIDAE

Scientific Name: Hynobius chinensis
Species Authority: Günther, 1889
Taxonomic Notes: The population currently allocated to Hynobius chinensis from Fujian Province, China, might represent a new species. We retain the Fujian population in H. chinensis until further taxonomic studies are undertaken. We consider H. yiwuensis (Cai, 1985) to be a valid species separate from H. chinensis following Fei, Ye and Huang (1990) and Fu et al. (2003).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Gu Huiqing, Geng Baorong, Xie Feng
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Hubei and Fujian Provinces, China.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from Hubei Province (the city of Yichang) and Fujian Province (at Chongan), China. There have been no records from the type locality in Hubei Province for the last 70 years. Records from Zheijian Province refer to H. yiwuensis. It ranges up to 1,400m asl, and probably occurs more widely than current records suggest.
Countries:
Native:
China
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is generally considered rare, although outside the breeding season they are difficult to find. Populations at several localities are believed to be declining.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits forests and arable fields in hilly areas. It breeds in pools and small streams where the larvae also develop.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is habitat destruction and degradation, in particular due to infrastructure development for human settlement.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species has been recorded from the Wuyishan National Nature Reserve, Fujian Province.

Citation: Gu Huiqing, Geng Baorong, Xie Feng 2004. Hynobius chinensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 September 2014.
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