Rhinophrynus dorsalis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Rhinophrynus dorsalis
Species Authority: Duméril & Bibron, 1841
Common Name(s):
English Burrowing Toad, Middle American Burrowing Toad, Mexican Burrowing Toad, Cone-nosed Frog, Rhinophryne
Spanish Sapo Borracho
Rhinophrynus rostratus Brocchi, 1877

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-01-06
Assessor(s): Georgina Santos-Barrera, Geoffrey Hammerson, Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves, Larry David Wilson, Jay Savage, Gunther Köhler
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
2008 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in coastal lowlands from southern Texas, USA to northwestern Honduras in Atlantic drainage, Río Balsas (Mexico) to Costa Rica in Pacific drainage. It is found at elevations of sea level to above 500m asl.
Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is rare and local in Texas, common widespread in Mexico and northern Central America (Bartlett and Bartlett, 1999, Lee, 2000).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a lowlands inhabitant of tropical dry and moist forest. Generally associated with seasonal flooded areas where it remains under the ground in the dry season. It can be found in forest, thorn scrub, savannah, and cultivated areas with friable soils. It is fossorial except after heavy rains. Eggs and larvae develop in temporary pools formed by heavy rains.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in many protected areas. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Citation: Georgina Santos-Barrera, Geoffrey Hammerson, Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves, Larry David Wilson, Jay Savage, Gunther Köhler 2010. Rhinophrynus dorsalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 August 2015.
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