Map_thumbnail_large_font

Rhacophorus reinwardtii

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_onStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA RHACOPHORIDAE

Scientific Name: Rhacophorus reinwardtii
Species Authority: (Schlegel, 1840)
Common Name(s):
English Reinwardti's Frog, Reinwardt's Flying Frog, Black-webbed Treefrog, Green Flying Frog, Reinwardt's Gliding Frog, Reinwardt's Tree Frog, Small Flying Tree Frog
Synonym(s):
Hyla reinwardtii Schlegel, 1840
Polypedates reinwardtii (Schlegel, 1840)
Taxonomic Notes: We follow Ohler and Delorme (2006) in separating Rhacophorus kio from this species. Studies of this species in relation Rhacophorus nigropalmatus needs to be implemented (various authors use different diagnostic features which do not seem to be consistent for different populations) (Taylor 1962; Berry 1975; Inger et al. 1999).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): van Dijk, P.P., Iskandar, D., Inger, R.F. & Ohler, A.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S. & Cox, N.A.
Justification:
Listed as Near Threatened because, although the species is still reasonably widely distributed, it is dependent upon relatively undisturbed habitat, and its area of occupancy within its range is likely to be not much greater than 2,000 km² and decreasing due to habitat degradation.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from southern Thailand, Malaysia (on the Peninsula and in Sarawak and Sabah in Borneo), and Indonesia (Sumatra and Java). There are no records from Brunei or Kalimantan (Indonesia) but its occurrence is expected in the places. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest, especially in areas between known sites, and although fragmentation of its lowland forest habitat has probably reduced its range (Ohler and Delorme, 2006). It occurs up to about 1,400m asl, though it occurs mainly at lower elevations.
Countries:
Native:
Indonesia (Jawa, Sumatera); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak); Thailand
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is generally considered to be rare, but this is probably in part an artefact of the difficulty in locating it. A few tens of animals can be seen at breeding sites.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It has been recorded from primary and secondary evergreen rainforest. It has also been observed in forest edge near villages. It is a canopy species that makes foam nests above pools and ponds inside forests. Adults probably spend most of the time in the upper forest strata. It has been seen in Bogor Botanic Garden on Java. It is an explosive breeder that apparently descends from the canopy only occasionally to congregate at breeding pools, attracting about a dozen animals, suggesting that it might be abundant locally.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Small numbers appear in the pet trade, but probably not at a level to constitute a threat to the species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat is the loss of its rainforest habitat and potentially water pollution. Removal of mature lowland forest through logging, agricultural expansion and human settlements has probably reduced the available habitat significantly for this species (Ohler and Delorme, 2006).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None of the six known populations in Peninsular Malaysia inhabit an adequately protected area. Surveys are needed to verify its occurrence in adequately protected areas (particularly the Malaysian and Indonesian populations), and to identify any undiscovered populations (for example in Brunei and Kalimantan). The conservation of mature lowland rainforest is essentail for this species.

Citation: van Dijk, P.P., Iskandar, D., Inger, R.F. & Ohler, A. 2008. Rhacophorus reinwardtii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 September 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided