|Scientific Name:||Pseudophilautus silvaticus|
|Species Authority:||(Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005)|
Philautus silvaticus Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (7 July 2014). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Meegaskumbura, M. & Pethiyagoda, R.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Nowakowski , J.|
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is estimated at 124 km2, which is also taken as a proxy for area of occupancy (AOO) on the basis that the species is a habitat specialist and confined to forest-associated habitat within an unsuitable land-use matrix. It is considered to occur in three threat-defined locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in southwestern Sri Lanka.
|Previously published Red List assessments:||
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the general Sinharaja region of southwestern Sri Lanka, and has been recorded from 510-1,270 m asl. It occurs in three threat-defined locations that include 1) Morningside Forest Reserve, 1) Handapan Ella Plains, and 3) the Sinharaja World Heritage Site (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda 2005). These locations receive different levels of protection; therefore, the threat of habitat loss varies among them. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is estimated to be 124 km2, which is also taken as a proxy for area of occupancy (AOO) on the basis that the species is a habitat specialist and confined to forest-associated habitat within an unsuitable land-use matrix.
|Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:||124|
|Number of Locations:||3|
|Lower elevation limit (metres):||510|
|Upper elevation limit (metres):||1270|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a common species in suitable habitat. A recent survey produced observations of 30 individuals over a two-hour period (M. Meegaskumbura pers. comm. 2014). There are no data to suggest population declines.
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It inhabits closed-canopy rainforest habitats and cardamom plantations within the forest. Adult males have been observed calling at night while perched on ferns, 0.3-1.0 m above ground (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda 2005). It breeds by direct development and is not dependent on water.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Use and Trade:||There are no reports of this species being utilized.|
It is threatened by habitat loss due to agricultural encroachment (especially for tea and cardamom cultivation), fires, illegal gemstone mining and logging, and human settlement (Surasinghe and Jayaratne 2006). It is also at risk from agrochemical pollution.
|Conservation Actions:||It is found in the Sinharaja World Heritage Site (the largest remnant of Sri Lanka's forests), and the Morningside Forest Reserve bordering the eastern margin of the World Heritage Site. Morningside receives some level of government protection, but is not an official conservation area (Janzen and Bopage 2011, R. Pethiyagoda pers. comm. 2014). While the government has purchased much of the land around Morningside, there is still pressure from land use within the reserve; a tea/cardamom plantation operates at the centre of the reserve and there is illegal clearing of understory to establish small parcels for cardamom cultivation (R. Pethiyagoda pers. comm. 2014). There is need for improved protection of the area and incorporation of Morningside into the contiguous Sinharaja World Heritage Site would help prevent future loss of remaining forest habitat (R. Pethiyagoda pers. comm. 2014). Research is needed to better understand its life history, population status and current threats.|
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2014. Pseudophilautus silvaticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T58933A60796330. . Downloaded on 25 June 2016.|
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