Pseudophilautus ocularis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pseudophilautus ocularis
Species Authority: (Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005)
Philautus ocularis Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Rohan Pethiyagoda
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, and its Area of Occupancy is less than 500 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in southwestern Sri Lanka.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is recorded only from Morningside and Handapan Ella Plains, on the eastern side of the Sinharaja World Heritage Site in south-western Sri Lanka, from 1,060-1,270m asl (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda 2005).
Sri Lanka
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Population [top]

Population: It is a rare species.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found only in closed-canopy forests and cardamom plantations within cloud forests. All specimens were collected from a cardamom plantation, from 1-2m above the ground, while perched on shade trees (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda 2005). It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is threatened by the loss of the forest canopy for firewood, expansion of cardamom plantations (at the expense of cloud forest habitat), clearing of undergrowth, and human settlement. Changing agricultural practices within cardamom plantations could also negatively affect this species, particularly the increased use of agro-chemicals.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is found in the Sinharaja World Heritage Site (the largest remnant of Sri Lanka's forests, and which was inscribed in 1988) and forest reserves bordering the eastern margin of the World Heritage Site.

Citation: Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Rohan Pethiyagoda 2004. Pseudophilautus ocularis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 21 October 2014.
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