|Scientific Name:||Pseudophilautus macropus|
|Species Authority:||(Günther, 1869 "1868")|
Ixalus macropus Günther, 1869 "1868"
Philautus macropus Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species is considered distinct from Philautus nanus following Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda (2005). Further taxonomic studies on this species are required.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 10 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Knuckles Range, Sri Lanka.
|Range Description:||This species was previously reported from several locations in Sri Lanka (Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi 1996). However, recent information indicates that it is limited to a small area of the Knuckles Range of central Sri Lanka (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda 2005), where it has been recorded at elevations of 603-760m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a rare species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is associated with submontane tropical moist forest, but is also found in cardamom plantations (provided there is no agrochemical use). Animals are usually found on wet rock surfaces, crevices and boulders that are very close to or actually in streams, and in moist leaf-litter. It breeds by direct development, with eggs laid in the riparian zone close to streams.|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threats to this restricted-range species are conversion of forest habitat to cultivated land (cardamom), firewood collection, and agrochemical pollution of land and water (specifically by insecticides).|
|Conservation Actions:||It has been recorded from the Knuckles Forest Reserve, which has been declared as a National Man and Biosphere Reserve and has also been nominated for declaration as an International Man and Biosphere Reserve and a natural World Heritage Site.|
|Citation:||Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva 2004. Pseudophilautus macropus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 04 July 2015.|