Sphaerotheca breviceps


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Sphaerotheca breviceps
Species Authority: (Schneider, 1799)
Rana breviceps Schneider, 1799
Sphaerotheca pluvialis (Jerdon, 1854 "1853")
Sphaerotheca strachani (Murray, 1884)
Sphaerotheca strigata Günther, 1859 "1858"
Taxonomic Notes: This species was transferred to the genus Sphaerotheca by Dubois 1987. Dubois (1987) considers Sphaerotheca strachani as either incertae sedis within Sphaerotheca or as a synonym of S. breviceps. Here we retain S. strachani and S. pluvialis as synonyms of S. breviceps here until their taxonomic status is fully established. The taxonomy of Sphaerotheca breviceps needs further investigation.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Annemarie Ohler, Muhammad Sharif Khan, Peter Paul van Dijk, Guinevere Wogan, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger, Tej Kumar Shrestha, Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is widespread throughout South Asia from Pakistan in the west, through India, Nepal and Sri Lanka, to Chitten Wildlife Sanctuary, Sagaing in central Myanmar (Zug, 1998). It possibly also occurs in Bangladesh. It is probably more widely distributed through the Irrawady plains but no specific records are available. It has been reported at elevations from sea level up to 1,500m asl.
India; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a generally common species through most of its range. It is locally common at Sagaing Wildlife Sanctuary in Myanmar, but is strongly seasonal (Zug, 1998). It is regarded to be common in Sri Lanka outside the central hills.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It has been reported from many habitats including seasonal, deciduous forest, arid plains and scrubland, grassland, areas of human habitation, plantations, and temporary stagnant wetlands in the breeding season (ponds). Adults are often found under ground cover.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat loss as a result of infrastructure development is the main threat to this frog. It is also threatened by agrochemical pollution and wetland reclamation in Sri Lanka.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is found in several protected areas within its range. There are no conservation measures needed based on the current understanding of its distribution, taxonomy and population status. It is protected by national legislation in India.

Citation: Annemarie Ohler, Muhammad Sharif Khan, Peter Paul van Dijk, Guinevere Wogan, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger, Tej Kumar Shrestha, Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Anslem de Silva 2004. Sphaerotheca breviceps. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.
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