Limnonectes kuhlii 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Dicroglossidae

Scientific Name: Limnonectes kuhlii (Tschudi, 1838)
Common Name(s):
English Kuhl's Creek Frog, Large-headed Frog
Rana kuhlii Tschudi, 1838
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (7 July 2014). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: This species almost certainly represents a complex of more than one species containing many taxa with more restricted distributions. There might even be several species in Borneo alone (R. Inger pers. comm.). The presence of Limnonectes kuhlii in India is doubtful and requires further investigation. The record might correspond to a species of Paa (A. Ohler pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Peter Paul van Dijk, Djoko Iskandar, Robert Inger, Michael Wai Neng Lau, Yang Datong, Annemarie Ohler, Lu Shunqing, Saibal Sengupta, Sabitry Bordoloi
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This is a very wide-ranging species. It is found in southern Yunnan and Guangxi provinces, China, in two small areas of northeastern India (in Arunachal Pradesh), and throughout Southeast Asia south to Java, Borneo, the Anambas Islands and the Natunas Islands, but it has not been recorded from Cambodia or Singapore. It occurs from 200-1,800m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Brunei Darussalam; China; India; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand; Viet Nam
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a common and locally abundant frog.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is found in small, clear streams in evergreen forest in hilly areas. It breeds in small tributary streams and the larvae develop in quiet pools along these streams. It does not wander from the vicinity of streams. In China it has also been found in still-water ponds and streams among fields.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat to this species is deforestation, and although the species complex as a whole is not at risk, some of its component cryptic taxa might be threatened by local threatening processes. It is locally collected for consumption and in China this might be threatening the species' survival.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in many protected areas, and the priority is to safeguard these. Clarification of its taxonomic status and studies of its conservation biology and harvest levels are needed. It is protected by national legislation in India.

Citation: Peter Paul van Dijk, Djoko Iskandar, Robert Inger, Michael Wai Neng Lau, Yang Datong, Annemarie Ohler, Lu Shunqing, Saibal Sengupta, Sabitry Bordoloi. 2004. Limnonectes kuhlii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58346A11769961. . Downloaded on 24 June 2018.
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