Limnonectes grunniens 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Dicroglossidae

Scientific Name: Limnonectes grunniens (Latreille, 1801)
Common Name(s):
English Amboina Wart Frog
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2017. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: This form is a complex that probably includes more than one species. The population on Sulawesi appears to be an undescribed species (D. Iskandar pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Djoko Iskandar, Mumpuni, Stephen Richards
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs on the eastern peninsula and southeastern peninsula of Sulawesi, and on Muna, Buton, Wowoni and Kabaena Islands, in Indonesia, where it occurs up to 600m asl. It also occurs in the Maluku Islands (Halmahera, Seram, Ambon, Haluku, Saparua, Buru, and some other smaller islands) and is widespread on the New Guinea mainland in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. It ranges up to 1,600m asl in New Guinea.
Countries occurrence:
Indonesia; Papua New Guinea
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is an abundant species, although it is only considered reasonably common in New Guinea.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is a semi-aquatic species living and breeding along side and in small and large streams, swamps and pools in tropical rainforest. It is also found in rural gardens, large pools, and degraded forest.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat is exploitation for human food, since the animals on Sulawesi, which represent an undescribed species, are very large. It is also eaten in New Guinea.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the Raua Aopa Nature Reserve and several protected areas in New Guinea. The taxonomy of this species requires clarification to determine whether or not it harbours one or more sibling species with potentially restricted ranges.

Citation: Djoko Iskandar, Mumpuni, Stephen Richards. 2004. Limnonectes grunniens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58336A11768773. . Downloaded on 21 April 2018.
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