Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Ranixalidae

Scientific Name: Indirana phrynoderma
Species Authority: (Boulenger, 1882)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): S.D. Biju, S.P. Vijayakumar, Sushil Dutta
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat outside of Indira Ghandi National Park.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from a restricted area in the Anamalai Hills of the Western Ghats in India. It is found at an elevation of around 500m asl. It has also been reported from Maharashtra, but this record requires further investigation and is not included in this account.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is very rare and is known to be declining at its only known site.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A terrestrial species associated with leaf-litter in tropical moist forest. It presumably breeds like other members of the genus, with larvae being found on wet rocks next to streams.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat to this species is habitat loss due to subsistence wood collecting.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species is present in Indira Ghandi National Park. It is included as part of field studies by Biju (1997) and Vijaykumar (1999 and ongoing). It is protected by national legislation.

Citation: S.D. Biju, S.P. Vijayakumar, Sushil Dutta. 2004. Indirana phrynoderma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58314A11763836. . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.
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