Hildebrandtia ornata


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Hildebrandtia ornata
Species Authority: (Peters, 1876)
Common Name(s):
English African Ornate Frog, Common Ornate Frog, Ornate Frog, Southern Ornate Frog
Pyxicephalus ornatus Peters, 1878

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2013-07-04
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N.
Contributor(s): Channing, A., Poynton, J., Howell, K., Minter, L. & Rödel , M.-O.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Morris, E.J.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a wide variety of habitats and its presumed large population.
2009 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species ranges very widely in tropical and subtropical Africa from Senegal and Gambia east to Kenya and south to northern Namibia, northern Botswana, southern Mozambique and northern South Africa. It appears not to have been recorded from Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Niger, Chad, Sudan and South Sudan, but it presumably occurs in these countries and they are therefore not entirely excluded from the species' distribution on the map. It is a low-altitude species, occurring up to 1,200 m asl.
Angola (Angola); Benin; Botswana; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Kenya; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Senegal; South Africa; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is common in many parts of its range, although it is often of very patchy occurrence. However, it is generally uncommon in West Africa, with small populations at any one locality.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a burrowing species, only seen above ground during the breeding season. It occurs in dry and more humid savannas, and it is absent from pockets of forest and high rocky terrain within its range. It is able to survive in modified habitats. It is an explosive breeder, and is known to breed in large temporary waters and small mud holes with and without vegetation. These are not common habitats, hence its patchy distribution.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: It is occasionally found in the international pet trade.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is an adaptable species that is not facing any significant threats. It is sometimes found in the international pet trade but at levels that do not currently constitute a major threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in many protected areas.

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Hildebrandtia ornata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 August 2015.
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