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Xenopus muelleri

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA PIPIDAE

Scientific Name: Xenopus muelleri
Species Authority: (Peters, 1844)
Common Name(s):
English Muller's Platanna
Taxonomic Notes: This species is possibly composed of two species, a west African form and an east-southern African form (R.C. Tinsley pers. comm.). It is part of a complex of poorly understood species closely related to Xenopus laevis.  It seems likely that many records from the inland parts of Tanzania currently assigned to this species should in fact be referred toXenopus borealis, and the distribution maps probably records this species as occurring much too widely in this country.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2013-07-17
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N.
Contributor(s): Measey, J., Minter, L., Rödel , M.-O. & Tinsley, R.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Morris, E.J.
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its very wide distribution, its tolerance of a broad range of habitats and its presumed large population.
History:
2004 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species appears to occur in three separate populations: from eastern Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso eastward across Sudan-Guinea zone to northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan westwards to Dahomey,  the Mozambique plain and its fringes northwards from Lake St Lucia in Zululand, Malawi and Zambia lowlands, Okavango area, Tanganyika, Zanzibar and Kenya; from the Kenyan coast, south to northeastern South Africa, Swaziland, northern Botswana, northeastern Namibia, and southeastern Angola; and from the Ennedi in northeastern Chad (Poynton 1964). It seems likely that many records from the inland parts of Tanzania currently assigned to this species should in fact be referred to Xenopus borealis, and the distribution maps probably records this species as occurring much too widely in this country. It is mainly a lowland species, but probably occurs up to at least 2,000 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Angola (Angola); Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Ghana; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; South Africa; South Sudan; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a common species.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a water-dependent species, using both temporary and permanent ponds, and also streams and rivers in the dry season. In West Africa it occurs mainly in the dry savannah and northern humid savannah zones, preferring drier condition to Xenopus laevis. It is found in agricultural and other altered habitats. It seldom occurs in forests. It also prefers hotter conditions compared with X. laevis, and uses muddier waters. It breeds in still water pools.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: It is eaten by local people.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Its range includes many protected areas.

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Xenopus muelleri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 September 2014.
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