Phrynobatrachus ukingensis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Phrynobatrachus ukingensis
Species Authority: (Loveridge, 1932)
Taxonomic Notes: The taxonomic status of this species in relation to Phrynobatrachus mababiensis and P. parvulus is not clear (Poynton and Broadley 1985b).

In addition, molecular analysis recorded in Zimkus and Schick (2010) suggests that P. ungujae may be synonymous with P. ukingensis. However, only one specimen of P. ukingensis was included in the analysis. Synonymy seems highly unlikely on distributional grounds (Poyton pers. comm. June 2012). Future collections of P. ukingensis are required to resolve this issue.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2012-07-04
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Garcia Moreno, J. & Stuart, S.N.
Contributor(s): Tambara, E., Harvey, J., Poynton, J. & Mazibuko, L.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Morris, E.J. & Luedtke, J.
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing doubts as to its taxonomic validity, Extent of Occurrence, population status and ecological requirements.
2004 Data Deficient

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in the Ukinga and Rungwe Mountains of southern Tanzania, in the Misuku Mountains and at Nchenachena in northern Malawi, and at Maroka (in the highlands south-west of Zomba) in southern Malawi. It has recently been found much further to the north in the Uluguru Mountains of eastern Tanzania. It presumably occurs more widely, in particular between the currently known sites. It is a montane species, probably occurring above 1,000 m asl, and perhaps ranging to over 2,000 m asl in places.
Malawi; Tanzania, United Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is very little information on its population status. It has only seldom been recorded, presumably due to confusion with Phrynobatrachus parvulus and P. mababiensis. However, it was recorded in 2007 in the Musuku Mountains by Vincenzo Mercurio (2011).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It appears to be a species of montane forest, forest edges, and open montane grassland. It apparently lives in marshy areas in open situations, or at the edge of montane forest, and presumably breeds in marshes and associated pools.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is no information about the use or trade of this species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats to this species are agricultural expansion, wood extraction and expanding human settlements, which are most likely adversely affecting it by causing the ongoing loss of forest and degradation of montane grassland within its range.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in Matipa Forest Reserve in the Misuku Mountains, but the protection of its habitat needs to be continued and improved. Its taxonomic status requires review (see taxonomic notes; J. Poynton pers. comm. June 2012) and more information is needed on this species' distribution, population status, natural history, further conservation actions required, and its threats.

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Phrynobatrachus ukingensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 03 September 2015.
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