Rhombophryne pygmaea 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Microhylidae

Scientific Name: Rhombophryne pygmaea
Species Authority: Vences & Glaw, 1991
Common Name(s):
English Andoany Stump-toed Frog
Stumpffia pygmaea Vences & Glaw, 1991
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Vences, M. & Andreone, F.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S. & Cox, N.A.
Listed as Vulnerable because it is known from only two locations.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Vulnerable (VU)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is apparently restricted to two small islands: Nosy Be and Nosy Komba off the north-west coast of Madagascar. It might occur on the adjacent mainland, but it has not been found there during recent surveys. It has been recorded from sea level up to 300m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is an extremely abundant species.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in pristine and secondary rainforest, coffee plantations, and dense vegetation along roads. Although it is somewhat adaptable, it needs some shade and leaf-litter. It breeds in a foam nest in leaves on the ground, with non-feeding tadpoles in the nest.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): High human population density and urbanization on the islands of Nosy Be and Nosy Komba are undoubtedly contributing to a reduction in the availability of suitable habitat. Any factors resulting in the loss of humid leaf-litter, such as expanding sugarcane cultivation, will be very detrimental for this species. Other possible threats include fires and pollution from agricultural pesticides.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in Réserve Naturelle Intégrale de Lokobe on Nosy Be. There is a need for close population monitoring of this species given its very limited range.

Citation: Vences, M. & Andreone, F. 2008. Rhombophryne pygmaea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T58012A11714800. . Downloaded on 25 November 2015.
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