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Ramanella montana 

Scope:Global
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Microhylidae

Scientific Name: Ramanella montana
Species Authority: (Jerdon, 1854)
Taxonomic Notes: The taxonomy of this species requires urgent attention as the collections of this species probably represent more than one taxon (S.D. Biju pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Annotations:
Needs updating
Assessor(s): S.D. Biju, Gajanan Dasaramji Bhuddhe, Sushil Dutta, Vivek Ashok Gour-Broome, Karthikeyan Vasudevan, Chelmala Srinivasulu, S.P. Vijayakumar
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Justification:
Listed as Near Threatened because its Extent of Occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat are probably declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is currently reported to be widely distributed throughout the Western Ghats of India. The type locality is Wayanad, and the species is only known with certainty from this site (S.D. Biju pers. comm.).
Countries occurrence:
Native:
India
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is rare and difficult to find.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits low foliage, such as leaf sheaths of palms and tree fern fronds, in tropical moist forests. It breeds by larval development, and deposits its eggs in tree holes where the larvae develop. Breeding begins soon after the onset of monsoon rains. This species has been recorded from a cardamom plantation adjoining a forest reserve suggesting that it is tolerant of a degree of habitat modification, but presumably still requires trees for breeding.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat to it is conversion of areas of suitable forest habitat to agricultural land (including eucalyptus, coffee and tea plantations).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It has only been recorded with certainty from Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala. Records from other protected areas, namely Indira Gandhi National Park and Kalakkad Wild Life Sanctuary (both in Tamil Nadu), Kudremukh National Park (in Karnataka), Bhimashankar Wild Life Sanctuary (in Maharashtra), and Purna Wild Life Sanctuary (in Gujarat), may refer either to this species or to congenerics. Further taxonomic studies are urgently needed to clarify its precise distribution and altitudinal range, and to resolve confusion with related species (current collections of it probably represent more than one species).

Citation: S.D. Biju, Gajanan Dasaramji Bhuddhe, Sushil Dutta, Vivek Ashok Gour-Broome, Karthikeyan Vasudevan, Chelmala Srinivasulu, S.P. Vijayakumar. 2004. Ramanella montana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57986A11701976. . Downloaded on 27 June 2016.
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