|Scientific Name:||Breviceps sylvestris|
|Species Authority:||FitzSimons, 1930|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||There are questions regarding the validity of two subspecies: Breviceps sylvestris sylvestris and B. s. taeniatus.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group & South African Frog Re-assessment Group (SA-FRoG)|
|Contributor(s):||Channing, A., Rebelo, A., Turner, A.A., de Villiers, A., Becker, F., Harvey, J., Tarrant, J., Measey, J., Tolley, K., Minter, L., du Preez, L., Cunningham, M., Baptista, N., Hopkins, R., Conradie, W. & Chapeta, Y.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Rebelo, A., Garollo, E., Measey, J. & Neam, K.|
Listed as Near Threatened because, although this species does not occur in a wide area and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat. While the species qualifies for Vulnerable, it is assessed as Near Threatened because it is considered to be common, tolerant to habitat change and threats are not considered too severe.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Limpopo Province of north-eastern South Africa, where it occurs at 12 locations within two disjunct subpopulations: Breviceps s. sylvestris occurs along the eastern escarpment; and B. s. taeniatus occurs in the Soutpansberg Mountains. The two subspecies are thought to be isolated by about 80 km of unsuitable habitat. It is a highland species, occurring between 800 and 1,800 m asl and its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 17,824 km2.|
Native:South Africa (Limpopo Province)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is locally common to abundant. The population is not considered to be severely fragmented.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species inhabits northern mistbelt forests and grassland habitats. It breeds in natural forests, grassy forest fringes, and adjacent open grassland and gardens. Individuals have also been found in plantations and on roadsides. Nests have been found under stones with the female in attendance. It is a terrestrial breeder with development occurring in subterranean nests.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||
There are no records of this species being utilized.
|Major Threat(s):||The main threats are loss of habitat due to afforestation, fire, fruit plantations, and subsistence agriculture, and to a lesser extent housing. Invasive pines are also a threat. However, it does not seem to be too negatively affected by habitat transformation.|
It occurs in several protected areas, including Blouberg Nature Reserve, Thabina Nature Reserve, and the Wolkberg Wilderness Area.
Additional policy is required in terms of agreements with commercial land owners to manage this species' area for conservation.
Resolving taxonomic issues, identifying management units, biology and threats are seen as key priority research areas for this species. Of the threats, it is important to invest effort into how this species can best co-occur with developing agriculture. Once population sizes have been established, monitoring of populations and habitat should be put in place.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group & South African Frog Re-assessment Group (SA-FRoG). 2016. Breviceps sylvestris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T57721A77162960.Downloaded on 28 July 2017.|
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