Megophrys stejnegeri 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Megophryidae

Scientific Name: Megophrys stejnegeri (Taylor, 1920)
Common Name(s):
English Mindanao Horned Frog, Southeast Asian Horned Toad
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2017. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: This species was removed from the synonymy of Megophrys montana by Iskandar (1998), where it had been placed previously by Inger (1954).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Arvin Diesmos, Angel Alcala, Rafe Brown, Leticia Afuang, Genevieve Gee, Mae Leonida Diesmos, Aldrin Mallari, Perry Ong, Marisol Pedregosa, Dondi Ubaldo, Baldwin Gutierrez
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in the Philippines.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Samar, and many parts of Mindanao, in the southern and eastern islands of the Philippines. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is generally common.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is usually found on the forest floor in leaf-litter of montane and lowland rainforests and is dependent on mountain streams where it breeds. Tadpoles are suspension feeders and prefer quiet pools in streams.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Major threats include the loss of the lowland rainforest due to logging, and the pollution of mountain streams and rivers, due to agricultural effluents and mine-tailings.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Some populations of this species are protected in national parks, such as Mount Malindang National Park, and other protected areas, although there is a need for improved protection on Mindanao, Leyte, Samar, and Bohol to protect the remaining forest on these islands.

Citation: Arvin Diesmos, Angel Alcala, Rafe Brown, Leticia Afuang, Genevieve Gee, Mae Leonida Diesmos, Aldrin Mallari, Perry Ong, Marisol Pedregosa, Dondi Ubaldo, Baldwin Gutierrez. 2004. Megophrys stejnegeri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57583A11650014. . Downloaded on 20 June 2018.
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