Megophrys nasuta


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Megophrys nasuta
Species Authority: (Schlegel, 1858)
Common Name(s):
English Borneon Horned Frog, Horned Toad, Large Horned Frog, Malayan Horned Frog
Taxonomic Notes: This species is generally recognized as being distinct from Megophrys montana (e.g., Taylor 1962; Inger and Stuebing 1997; Manthey and Grossmann 1997), although other authors have treated it as a subspecies of M. montana (e.g., Grandison 1972; Dring 1979).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2014-08-01
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Luedtke, J.
Contributor(s): Iskandar, D., van Dijk, P.P. & Inger, R.F.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Absolon, D.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.
2004 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from southern Thailand (Yala Province) (Taylor 1962), throughout Peninsular Malaysia (Berry 1975, Dring 1979), Tioman Island, Singapore (Lim and Lim 1992, Leong 2000), Sumatra, Bintan, all parts of Borneo and the Natuna Islands. It occurs up to 1,000 m asl.
Brunei Darussalam; Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatera); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak); Singapore; Thailand
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is regularly encountered and its characteristic call is frequently heard in suitable habitat. It is uncommon in Singapore (Lim and Lim 1992).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits intact lowland and submontane rainforest, generally in the vicinity of forest streams. Adults are terrestrial in habits, but tadpoles live in clear forest streams (Dring 1979).
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is harvested for the national and international pet trade.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Loss and fragmentation of the species' habitat are the major threats. Local populations might become exposed to the hazards of stochastic events. The species is harvested for the national and international pet trade, which might affect local populations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in most protected areas of Peninsular Malaysia (Kiew 1987) and Singapore (Lim and Lim 1992). In Borneo and Sumatra the expansion of effective preservation of lowland forests linked by forested corridors is essential. It has been bred in captivity occasionally by zoos (Frankfurt/Main, Germany) and private hobbyists (Schmidt 1976, Pfeuffer 1989).

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Megophrys nasuta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 August 2015.
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