Borneophrys edwardinae 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Megophryidae

Scientific Name: Borneophrys edwardinae (Inger, 1989)
Common Name(s):
English Edwardina's Spadefoot Toad, Rough Horned Frog
Megophrys edwardinae Inger, 1989
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2018. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Robert Inger, Djoko Iskandar, Indraneil Das, Robert Stuebing, Maklarin Lakim, Paul Yambun
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in Sabah and Sarawak, Borneo.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from western Sabah and east-central Sarawak in Malaysian Borneo at elevations of 200-700m asl. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It does not appear to be common or abundant at any site.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is known only from primary, hilly, lowland rainforest. Adults and juveniles live on the forest floor. Breeding presumably takes place in small, clear streams as with other species of the genus.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is the loss of habitat through clear-cutting, and most suitable lowland habitat in Sabah has now been logged.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species exists in protected areas in Sabah, but remains unprotected in Sarawak. There is an urgent need for the protection of remaining suitable lowland forest habitats at sites where this species is known to occur.

Citation: Robert Inger, Djoko Iskandar, Indraneil Das, Robert Stuebing, Maklarin Lakim, Paul Yambun. 2004. Borneophrys edwardinae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57578A11648706. . Downloaded on 25 September 2018.
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